Water circulation in the aquarium plays a crucial role in the well-being of the aquatic community. Efficient water circulation not only ensures the distribution of oxygen and nutrients throughout the tank, but also promotes the removal of waste and harmful substances. In this blog post, I explain the benefits of water circulation in the aquarium for the well-being of Triops and for a healthy ecosystem in the tank.
Water circulation in the aquarium: flow pump and filter pump
The main component responsible for water circulation is the aquarium pump. This pump draws water from the tank and pushes it back, creating a continuous circulation. There are two main types of pumps: the flow pump and the filter pump.
The flow pump creates an even flow in the aquarium, avoiding dead corners and preventing sediment accumulation. A good current also promotes the growth of plants and prevents the growth of algae in certain places. Especially for reef aquariums, sufficient current is of great importance to supply the sessile corals with nutrients and to wash away pollutants.
The filter pump, on the other hand, is responsible for carrying out the biological and mechanical filtration system. The water is passed through the filter, which removes particles and pollutants while being colonised by beneficial bacteria. These bacteria break down organic waste such as fish faeces and excess food and turn them into less harmful substances such as nitrate. A well-functioning filter system is crucial for maintaining water quality and preventing toxic conditions in the aquarium.
Uniform temperature distribution
The placement of the pumps in the aquarium is also of great importance. Strategic positioning can minimise flow barriers and dead space. It is recommended to place the pumps so that the water circulates from top to bottom and from side to side to ensure even distribution of nutrients.
Water circulation can also help to evenly distribute the temperature in the aquarium. Especially in larger aquariums or those equipped with powerful lighting systems, the temperature can vary greatly at different points. Efficient circulation can help to even out these temperature differences and create a stable environment for the inhabitants.
Water circulation in the aquarium – Conclusion
In summary, optimal water circulation in the aquarium is essential to ensure a healthy environment for fish, plants and other creatures in the tank. A combination of flow and filter pumps strategically placed will help improve water quality, promote nutrient transport and maintain the overall balance in the aquarium ecosystem.